Case 26

Domestic Violence Case from India:
Dowry Harassment as a Factor in Domestic Violence


  1. To demonstrate how cultural practices, in this case the expectation by a groom’s family of a dowry, can become implicated in domestic violence.

Narrative Case:

I would like to share a story with you today of a brave girl Sujata and her amazing father who would do anything for his beloved daughter. Sujata was a bright girl studying to be a doctor. Her parents, both doctors, proud of her achievements, were looking for a prospective groom with similar educational pursuits. Marriages in India are still arranged by parents even for educated children. They eventually found such a boy. The wedding was done lavishly by Sujata’s father. Her parents were sad to see their beloved daughter depart for her in-laws home, but were also very happy that the groom’s family did not want any dowry.

Sujata was also happy with her marriage. Her husband Suresh was also doing his post graduate studies after his MBBS. Rituals, poojas and a wedding reception in Suresh’s hometown were done. After a month or so Sujata joined her PG course in Suresh’s hometown. Everything seemed to fit in so well.

A few weeks later Sujata asked her in-laws about visiting her parents. They readily accepted. Her father-in law asked her to come and meet him on the eve of her departure. He asked her to get a substantial sum of money from her father, so that Sujata and Suresh could open a new hospital. Sujata was shocked to hear this. She was also infuriated. She did not say anything and walked away. She spoke to Suresh later in the day, expecting that at least he would reject the idea. But she was devastated when he agreed with his father. Suresh said “Your dad is a very busy doctor with a flourishing practice, so what’s wrong if he gives some money to his daughter for her professional ventures.” Sujata flatly refused to ask her parents for money.

From this point her torture began. Sujata’s in-laws and Suresh took away her cell phone and locked her in a room at the corner of the house. She was occasionally given food for sustenance. Whenever Sujata’s parents called, they were told that Sujata has gone to the hospital. When her friends and colleagues came and called, Sujata’s in-laws started accusing Sujata about her bad character and complained about their lack of knowledge of her whereabouts.

Her worried parents were frantically calling Sujata’s marital house. When they couldn’t get any news of Sujata, they started calling her friends and colleagues. No one knew where Sujata was.

So her enraged father spoke to one of his very close friends who was a Senior Police Inspector. Sujata’s Father along with the Inspector in civil dress visited her marital home. As guests, they were given a warm welcome. Sujata’s in-laws behaved as if everything was normal. When asked about Sujata, they started accusing her father saying his daughter never told them where she went and whom she went with. Dr. Patil, Sujata’s father, lost his temper and frantically started searching every room in the house, fearing for the life of his daughter.   He finally heard his daughter’s voice coming from a small room in the corner. He broke the lock and took his daughter home with him without another backward glance.

Next day Sujata’s In-laws and husband started calling up saying they didn’t mean any harm and they were sorry. How could they let the hen who would lay golden eggs go? But Dr. Patil refused to forgive the people who had hurt his daughter so badly. The day after that Suresh departed for Sujata’s home town to pick her up. He had called Sujata to convince her to come back. Sujata’s father along with his Inspector friend went to collect him at the bus stand. They handcuffed him and arrested him on charges of domestic violence.

Today Sujata lives with her second husband who is very supportive of her and her lovely daughter. What would have happened had Sujata not stood up against Suresh and his parents? What if her father had not stood by her decision and had asked her to compromise? Lets appreciate Sujata’s and her father’s courage, her life took a better turn.


Learning Points:

  1. Even though the groom’s family is well-educated, the cultural roles of women are difficult to change.
  2. In India, as in many countries, women are still treated as unequal to men and are expected to be obedient to their husbands.



Marriage is a wonderful term. Everyone has lots of dreams, thoughts, expectations from it. Marriage is a term synonymous with sharing, caring, nurturing, love and growth. Do all married couples share such companionship? Of course not, because no two people are alike. But what instigates one partner to hurt the other one?  Deaths due to Dowry harassment are not uncommon in India. The laws are very strict and giving or demanding dowry is punishable by law. However, it has not been possible to eradicate this system totally. As can be noted in this story, it is prevalent even in educated, upper middle class families. Basically it is caused by poor empowerment of women & lack of education which makes girls from poor families vulnerable. Cases such as these shows that this social evil has to be fought with strength & needs a good support from girl’s family.




Case 7

Honour as a Factor in Domestic Violence in India


  1. To demonstrate the impact that a woman’s sense of honour can have in domestic violence.
  2. To demonstrate the role of drug or alcohol abuse or addiction in domestic violence.

Narrative Case:

This is a true story of a lady aged 39 years who was my patient for many years. She was educated up to 7th Standard but did not complete high school as she was married off by her parents at the age of 17 years to a Police Constable. She had 2 children aged 19 years & 21 years, both being daughters. This did not satisfy the husband as he was keen on getting a son.

She used to come with some bruises off & on. Once she even had a fracture of the forearm. She said she had fallen. But some direct & indirect questioning led her to confess that she was facing Domestic Violence.

Her husband had become alcoholic & started an illicit relationship to fulfill his dream of getting a son. His job was with Crime Branch in the Police force & he was used to seeing violence in society. He would come home from work, get drunk & beat her up often. The girls used to get frightened but were not in a position to help. Money was in short supply as he had to support the other woman in his life.

We did a lot of counseling & called her daughters to discuss possible solutions. Her husband had never once accompanied her to a Doctor’s Clinic. The daughters denied any sexual assault by the father. They were interested in studies & getting a job & getting out of this household.  

The woman refused any sort of help. First of all, she could not make a Police case, as the husband was part of that force & had many friends. She did not want any neighbours to know & did not allow any counselor to visit their home. Her constant refrain was that she had to cope with it otherwise the daughter’s lives will be ruined. Any story of domestic violence would ruin the chances of marriage for her girls as arranged marriages are the norms in that society. Only her parents were sympathetic but they were old & sick & needed help themselves.

When last seen, she had become very thin & pale & developed hypertension. The violence was continuing. There was no social life with him & he was not interested in sex with her. He was spending more time with the other family. She was very sure for her decision to carry on. Some marriage proposals were coming for her daughters & her sole intention was to live for them. All she looked forwards to was to settle them well and see them happily married. As far as her own life she said she had no hopes for any happiness & wanted to live only for her children & to look after her old parents. She was never going to consider divorce or separation & come out openly with her life story. Rather than that “dishonour” she would rather die in one of the violent episodes.

Learning points:

This story brings out 3 issues.

  1. Some women refuse any help. For them it is a question of honour. They feel too ashamed to let others know about violence. They cannot accept being socially ostracized. Family support is not there if parents are old and poor.
  2. Secondly, we put so much faith in the Police Force. They are sensitized to issues of domestic violence. But they come from the same social background. Because they deal with crime and acts of violence, they are susceptible to alcoholism. This in turn makes them take out their frustrations at home. Counseling in such cases becomes extremely difficult. If this case had been registered against this constable he would certainly have lost his job & the family would have lost everything.
  3. Finally, addiction to alcohol is prevalent worldwide. It is the under lying cause in many cases of domestic violence. In India, there is Prohibition & alcohol sale is regulated. However, it has not reduced alcoholism since the laws were enacted 67 years ago.

Background Information:

This article highlights the high prevalence of violence against women in India, including a review of some cultural aspects of this violence:


  1. This article discusses son preference in India:
  2. This is a reference for drug and alcohol abuse and addiction in India: